Anglo-Saxon was the written language in England until 1150, after that it was Anglo-Norman. This was followed by the evolution of the English language as it is now used.
4 Australian aborigines were actually transported out of Australia. They were convicted in Sydney, NSW. 10 Australians were sentenced to transportation back to Australia for offences. Sydney & Norfolk Island seem to be the main places of final deportation.
Notorious Strumpets and Dangerous Girls - Convict Women in Van Dieman's Land 1803-1829.
Hickson, Maria or Mary  - convicted 25th October 1827, aged 24 in 1828, so born 1804.
From Convict records: Born: No information Tried: Derbyshire 17th March 1795 Transported: "Barwell" arrived Australia 18th May 1798 Listed as using alias Rixon, which is how he stayed after he arrived.
delivered from Middlesex gaol 17th March 1827 for larceny. A prostitute.
Police Number 115 Convicted and sentenced at Middlesex Gaol Delivery on 25th October 1827 for 7 years Transported [to Australia] for larceny Gaol report: A prostitute Conduct orderly. Single Woman Stated This Offence. Taking a bundle out of a cook shop (seaman's clothes). "I was last living in Brown Bear Alley (No 2), East Smithfield." Protestant Ship's surgeon's comments: Orderly Literacy: Can read only. Complexion: Fresh Head: Oval shape, high crowned Hair: Very dark brown Visage: Oval, long and narrow Forehead: High, narrow on temples Eyebrows: Dark, arched Eyes: Dark Brown Nose: Long Straight & pointed Mouth: Large, Lips full Chin: Small, pointed Remarks: 2 red marks on left side of face, 'E.S.' on left arm. Colonial experiences: 1829 25 Aug. Rowlands Found in the Castle Inn after hours last night. 2nd class, House of Correction 1929 30 Nov. J W Gleadow Being found drunk on the New Town Road yesterday evening. Reprimanded 1830 15 Jan. Gleadow Drunkeness. Cell on bread & water for 10 days 1831 4 May. Applied to marry William Burton (No 755) per Chapman (Married at Launceston 11 Aug 1831) 1832 ) Musters 1833 ) Assigned to Mr Gleadow 1834 25 Oct. Free by servitude 1836 27 Sept. Being drunk, fined 5/- 1836 27 Dec. Being drunk, fined 5/-
Jos. Hickson odered to be transported sent to the Cumberland Hulk at Chatham on the River Medway. The order was sent from Whitehall on 9 January 1833.
This was found on a film of records of prisoners from Assize Trials at Chester who were found guilty and sentenced to be transported to Australia. If I remember, the next time I go to the PRO at Kew I will look him up and see when he left England and what ship he was on. They have a microfiche index of convicts sent to Australia in the microfilm room at Kew.
16th January 1818 - Trial of William Betts at Sutton St James for stealing a sack of flour from Elizabeth Sharman of Holbeach, baker; stealing a cast metal pot from William Hickson of Sutton St James, farmer. William Betts, a labourer of Lutton, was sentenced to 7 years and transported the the ship Hadlow to New South Wales. Betts was accused with a man known only as 'Smoke'. They lodged together at the house of John Tubbs at Lutton. He was known as 'Bungs' in Australia.
born Staffordshire c.1813 transported to Australia in 1833.
He married Rebecca Hamilton in Maitland, NSW in 1841 and they had one child, Catherine.
In 1844 John married for a second time. This time to Mary Burgess.
They had four children: Robert 1844-1924, Lazarus 1846-1919, and Mary Hannah 1852-? and Sarah Jane 1854-1928.
Information provided by a Mrs. Jan Dodd a descendant of Robert Coonamble, New South Wales 2829. [He was not the John son of John and Sarah nee Chapman]
aged 19 was transported to Port Jackson Sydney for 14 years in 1833 on the Waterloo. He was 19 years old and committed at Chester in 1832. Possibly the John whose descendants the Dodds of Coonamble in NSW were researching. Since Whitchurch is close to the border with Staffordshire and not far from Chester, John could have been one of the Whitchurch Hicksons. Possibly the son of George 1775, or alternatively a son of William or John.
was transported to Port Jackson (Sydney) for 14 years in 1839 on the Barrosa. He was 28 years old and committed at Nottingham in 1838.
was transported to Port Jackson (Sydney) for 7 years in 1825 on the Mariner. She was 30 years old and committed at Dublin in 1823.
was transported to Port Jackson (Sydney) for 7 years in 1818 on the Isabella. He was 30 years old and committed at Lancaster in 1817.
alias Reckson/Rixon was transported to Port Jackson (Sydney) for Life in 1798 on the Barwell. He was 22 years old and committed at Derby in 1792.
was transported to Port Jackson (Sydney) for 7 years in 1837 on the John II. He was 44 years old and committed at Lancaster in 1836.
(ref 5388) was transported for 10 years to Western Australia on the 'Sultana', 1851. He was 27 years old and committed at the Central Criminal Court (Old Bailey) for robbery. (information taken from Internet)
(ref 5388) Another record shows him as born 1832, an unmarried shoemaker, semi-literate, Roman Catholic, convicted of robbery at the Central Criminal Court (Old Bailey) in 1851 and sentenced to 10 years gaol, but not arriving in Perth WA on the Sultana until 19-8-1859. He was granted a Ticket of Leave on 14-2-1860 and expatriated August 1861. Where he was between 1851 and 1859 is not known. He could have been imprisoned in England, possibly on one of the hulks on the Thames, but it is unlikely that he would have been transported so close to the finish of his sentence, so it seems more likely that he was in one of other prison colonies.
(ref 8303) born 1828, an unmarried seaman, literate, Protestant, convicted at Sheffield 9-1-1863 for larceny. He had had previous convictions and was sentenced to 10 years. Arrived Perth, Swan WA on the 'Racehorse' 10-8-1865. He gained his Ticket of Leave on 22-2-1868, and his CR 10-8-1870 York, WA. Worked as a general servant, brick maker and boot maker.
(ref 1582) born 1830, an unmarried labourer convicted at Preston 9-4-1851 and sentenced for 10 years. Arrived Perth WA on 'Dudbrook' 7-2-1853. He was granted a Ticket of Leave 1-7-1854, a CP on the 14-9-1857 and a CF 9-12-1863.
convicted 25th October 1827, aged 24, transported in 1828.
16th January 1818, convicted at Sutton St. James, Norfolk for 7 years. Transported to NSW on the Hadlon.
No records of Hicksons being transported to Tasmania have been found except for Henry Hickson of Langford, Bedfordshire who was transported aboard the Red Rover on 21st October 1830 for stealing wheat.
Less than 2000 convicts were transported to Victoria (it was originally part of NSW) and none of them were Hicksons.
South Australia was formed as a convict free state, and none were transported there.[an error occurred while processing this directive]